Join ePHOTOzine, the friendliest photography community.
Upload photos, chat with photographers, win prizes and much more for free!
ePHOTOzine Photography Academy - Exposure modes - Here's why exposure modes can be useful for your photography.
Four primary shooting modes, apart from auto, which are found on most digital cameras are: program, aperture-priority, shutter-priority and manual (PASM).
Program will let the camera decide what exposure is best and will allow you to use the camera like a point and shoot. It's good for someone who wants to focus their attention on things such as framing and composition as they wont have exposure to worry about. It's also good for those who want to click and shoot such as teenagers taking pictures of their friends.
Aperture-priority lets you pick what f/stop (see aperture piece) to use but the camera controls the speed of the shutter. It's a good mode for when you're shooting landscapes as it will help you have the foreground as well as the background of the image in focus. It's also good for portraits where you want to throw the background out of focus.
Shutter-priority gives you control of the shutter speed but control over the aperture goes to the camera. This mode is good for sport and action or for subjects that you want to introduce creative blur, such as seascapes and flowing water.
Manual priority gives you control of both shutter speed and aperture. It's good for creating work where you need more control such as more arty/creative pieces.
There are also a variety of scene modes that can change from camera to camera. These are pre-programmed modes which can be used to shoot a particular subject or scene. These are useful if you're new to photography or if you're in a situation which could confuse the camera such as snow – snow makes the ground bright which a camera does not expect and if on manual, for example, it could find it hard to expose correctly.
Here are a few examples of scene modes present on most cameras:
- Low light
|Taken on Auto.||Taken on Macro.|
|Taken on Auto.||Landscape modes can boost greens.|
|Taken on Auto.||Portrait mode can help smooth skin a produce an overall better portait shot.|
We hope you enjoyed and learned a few things with this article from the ePHOTOzine Academy Series. This is just one part of a 13 part series - to view others follow the links below:
- ePHOTOzine Photography Academy - Part 1: Camera types
- ePHOTOzine Photography Academy - Part 2: Camera lenses
- ePHOTOzine Photography Academy - Part 3: File types
- ePHOTOzine Photography Academy - Part 4: Apertures explained
- ePHOTOzine Photography Academy - Part 5: Shutter Speeds explained
- ePHOTOzine Photography Academy - Part 6: Exposure modes
- ePHOTOzine Photography Academy - Part 7: Metering explained
- ePHOTOzine Photography Academy - Part 8: Autofocus explained
- ePHOTOzine Photography Academy - Part 9: Focus Lock
- ePHOTOzine Photography Academy - Part 10: Drive modes
- ePHOTOzine Photography Academy - Part 11: The ISO speed setting
- ePHOTOzine Photography Academy - Part 12: White Balance
- ePHOTOzine Photography Academy - Part 13: Flash modes