The exposure modes on your Pentax camera, here we are looking at the K-50
, can be found on the large mode dial on the top of you camera. Here, we run down what each mode can be used for.
- The auto mode sets what the camera thinks are the most appropriate aperture, shutter speed and ISO for the scene in hand. It's ideal if you want to shoot snaps quickly, but if you want control over features such as white balance, then you're better off using a different mode.
- This mode allows you to choose a setting appropriate for the scene you are shooting, for example macro, portrait, landscape, moving object and night scene are just some of the scene modes available on the K-50. There are more specific ones too, such as pet, candlelight and sunset mode, so you can find one to fit what you're shooting.
- These are customisable settings which enable you to input your preferred settings, for a specific type of shoot. Choose your own ISO, shutter speed and aperture, as well as a range of other settings, including custom image settings and filter settings. Ideal if you often shoot a certain style and in certain lighting conditions, as it will stop you from having to re-insert all the settings every time.
- Bulb mode lets you depress the shutter, and then hold it down for the duration of the time that you want the shutter to stay open. It's ideal for shooting long exposures, such as night time shots or shots of waterfalls or the sea when you want the water to be silky.
- Manual mode enables you to set the aperture, ISO and shutter speed as you wish, making it the setting to go for if you want flexibility in your shooting. It's ideal for experimentation and 'breaking the rules' of exposure, too, if you want your shot to be over or under exposed on purpose.
- Av is the aperture priority mode. You can set the aperture of your shot, ideal if you want a blurry background or focus to infinity, and the camera will then set an appropriate shutter speed for the shot to be correctly exposed.
- Tv is the shutter speed priority mode. It's ideal when you're shooting fast moving or sporadic subjects that will require a fast speed to keep them in focus. The camera will then set an appropriate aperture.
- Sv mode is useful for ISO bracketing in images. It lets you vary the ISO in changing light situations, such as shooting concerts or Christmas lights.
- Program mode allows you to change settings such as shooting mode, exposure compensation and white balance settings, whilst keeping the exposure automatic.
- Video camera mode allows you to shoot HD video with the K-50. Simply press the shutter to begin recording and press it again to stop.