If you have a great landscape you think would look really great reflected in a lake this tutorial will show you how to do it in Photoshop
How the image started:
Step 1: Increase your canvas size
Once you have your image open go to: Image>Canvas Size to extend the size of the area we are working with. Change cm to percent and in the box next to height type 200 then click OK.
Step 2: Duplicate your layer
Now you have a work space twice as big as it was before you can create the layer for your reflection. Drag your layer onto the new layer icon in the layers palette and rename it to 'reflection'.
Step 3: Flip the image
Our layer is currently the wrong way to be a reflection so with the reflection layer active (so it's coloured blue in the layers palette) go to Image>Transform>Flip Vertically. It should now be upside down and if you haven't already, drag it into place.
Step 4: Watery reflection
The image may be upside down but it doesn't look like it's reflecting in water. To give it that watery feel we're going to add three adjustments. The first is a Motion Blur which you get to by going to Filter>Blur>Motion Blur. Set the angle to 270 and the distance so the image just starts to shimmer. Around 39 pixels worked for us. Click OK then go to Filter>Distort Ripple. Have a go at adjusting the amount and change the sizes of the ripples until you find something you like. Just remember more subtle ripples will be more believable than gigantic ones. If you feel the water still needs more movement apply a third adjustment by going back to the Motion Blur option but this time change the angle to 0 so the blur flows horizontally.
Step 5: Deepen the water
If you want to add some depth to the water you've created go to Image>Adjustment>Brightness/Contrast and lower the brightness slider enough to create the sense of a little depth. Try adjusting the Saturation too to give the water a slightly greyer feel. You can do this by going to Image>Adjustment>Hue/Saturation.
Step 6: Crop your image
When you usually take a photo of a landscape with the reflection in the lake you wouldn't include the whole lake and the normal landscape scene. For this reason we are going to crop the image down slightly to make it more believable. The easiest way to do this is with the Crop Tool. Simply draw around the area of the image you want to keep and hit the enter key to delete the rest. The areas in shade are the areas that will be deleted when you do this.
Once your crop's complete, your image is finished.
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