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Light that is reflected off a surface before reaching the subject. Flash is often bounced off a ceiling or card to soften the result. Reflectors can be used to bounce light into shadow areas to reduce contrast.
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A feature of electronic flashguns that have a head that points upwards so that the light can be bounced off a ceiling to soften and spread the light.
A feature of electronic flashguns that have a head that rotates through 180 degrees so that the light can be bounced off a wall to soften and spread the light.
The conventional shape binoculars where light is bounced through 90 using a series of prisms. The other common type, used by many of the slim pocket style models, is roof prism that allows a straight tubed body.