St. Nicholas was born c.280 in Patara, Lycia, an area that is part of present-day Turkey. He lost both of his parents as a young man and reportedly used his inheritance to help the poor and sick. He later served as bishop of Myra, a city that is now called Demre.
Several sources state St. Nicholas is believed to have died on 6th December, 343. Over the years, stories of his miracles and work for the poor spread to other parts of the world. He became known as the protector of children and sailors and was associated with gift-giving. He was a popular saint in Europe until the time of the Reformation in the 1500s, a religious movement that led to the creation of Protestantism, which turned away from the practice of honouring saints. St. Nicholas, however, remained an important figure in Holland.
The Dutch continued to celebrate the feast day of St. Nicholas, 6th December. It was a common practice for children to put out their shoes the night before. In the morning, they would discover the gifts that St. Nicholas had left there for them. Dutch immigrants brought St. Nicholas, known to them as Sint Nikolaas or by his nickname Sinter Klaas, and his gift-giving ways to America in the 1700s.
In America, St. Nicholas went through many transformations and eventually Sinter Klaas became Santa Claus. Instead of giving gifts on 6th December, he became a part of the Christmas holiday. In the 1820 poem "An Account of a Visit from St. Nicholas" by Clement Clarke Moore, he is described as a jolly, heavy man who comes down the chimney to leave presents for deserving children and drives a sleigh pulled by flying reindeer. The cartoonist Thomas Nast added to the St. Nicholas legend with an 1881 drawing of Santa as wearing a red suit with white fur trim. Once a kind, charitable bishop, St. Nicholas has become the Santa Claus we know today.
|Camera:||Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ18 |
|Recording media:||JPEG (digital)|
|Date Taken:||30 Sep 2011 - 11:36 AM|
|Lens Max Aperture:||f/2.8|
|Exposure Mode:||Program AE|
|Flash:||Off, Did not fire|
|Uploaded:||24 Dec 2012 - 3:14 PM|
|Tags:||Architecture, Church, Church of st nicholas, North grimston, North yorkshire, Ryedale, Santa claus, Sinter klaas, St nicholas, Stained glass, Window|