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Mardin, a View from the East

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Mardin is a city in southeastern Turkey. The capital of Mardin Province, it is known for the Artuqid (Artıklı or Artuklu in Turkish) architecture of its old city, and for its strategic location on a rocky hill near the Tigris River that rises steeply over the flat plains.

Mardin is one of the oldest settled areas in upper Mesopotamia. Excavations done in the 1920s discovered remains in the area that dated to 4000 BC. The first known civilization were the Subarians who were then succeeded in 3000BC by the Hurrians. The Elamites gained control around 2230 BC and were followed by the Babylonians, Hittites, Assyrians, Romans and Byzantines.
In 692, the Muslim Ummayads arrived and introduced Islam. The Abbasid Caliphate based in Baghdad replaced them in 824. Factions of the Seljuk Turks fought each other over Mardin as it changed hands many times before it was finally taken by Nahm ad-din Ilghazi, the bey of the Artukids, a Turkish dynasty founded by the Seljuk Emir Artuk. During the Artukid period, many of Mardin's historic buildings were constructed, including several Mosques, Palaces, Madrassas and Hans.
The lands of the Artukid dynasty fell to the Mongols sometime between 1235 and 1243, but the Mongols never directly governed the area. The Artukid family ruling Mardin became vassal state of the Mongol Empire.[4] During the battle of Ain Jalut in 1260, the Artuqid (Artık) ruler revolted against the Mongol rule. Hulegu's general and Chupan's ancestor, Koke-Ilge of the Jalayir, stormed the city and Hulegu appointed the rebel's son, al-Nasir, governor of Mardin. Although, Hulegu suspected the latter's loyalty for a while, thereafter the Artukids remained loyal unlike nomadic Bedoun and Kurd tribes in the south western frontier. The Mongol Ilkhanids considered them important allies. For this loyalty they shown, Artukids were given more lands in 1298 and 1304. Mardin later passed to the Akkoyunlu, a federation of Turkic tribes that controlled territory all the way to the Caspian Sea. In 1517, Mardin was annexed by the Ottomans under Selim the Grim. During this time, Mardin was administered by a governor directly appointed under the Ottoman Sultan's authority. In 1923, with the founding of the Republic of Turkey, Mardin was made the administrative capital of a province named after it.

Mardin has often been considered an open air museum due to its historical architecture. Most buildings use the beige colored limestone rock which has been mined for centuries in quarries around the area. (Taken from Vikipedia)

Thank you all folks for the C/Cs on my previous upload, I am especially thankful to Jason for his generous UA.

Brand:Samsung
Camera:Samsung NX300 Check out Samsung NX Generation!
Lens:Samsung 18-55 f/3.5-5.6 OIS
Recording media:RAW (digital)
Date Taken:27 Oct 2013 - 2:37 PM
Focal Length:18mm
Aperture:f/3.5
Shutter Speed:1/4000sec
Exposure Comp:0.0
ISO:200
Exposure Mode:Aperture-priority AE
Metering Mode:Spot
Flash:No Flash
White Balance:Manual
Title:Mardin, a View from the East
Username:nonur nonur
Uploaded:31 Oct 2013 - 5:12 AM
Tags:Cityscape, Landscape / travel, Photo journalism
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Votes:43

Comments

ColleenA
ColleenA e2 Member 2204 forum postsColleenA vcard Australia3 Constructive Critique Points
31 Oct 2013 - 5:14 AM

What a beautiful view of this ancient city, loved reading about it....they must have a commanding view of the area from that hillside.....excellent capture

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Andysnapper
Andysnapper e2 Member 6106 forum postsAndysnapper vcard England22 Constructive Critique Points
31 Oct 2013 - 6:35 AM

A fantastic shot and a brilliant read, thanks for that. Every days a school day.Grin

Andy

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SUE118
SUE118 e2 Member 6SUE118 vcard United Kingdom1 Constructive Critique Points
31 Oct 2013 - 7:21 AM

Such a beautiful view.

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Mollycat
Mollycat e2 Member 1Mollycat vcard United Kingdom2 Constructive Critique Points
31 Oct 2013 - 7:28 AM

Like Petra, a city twice as old as time. Great view. Peter.

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cats_123
cats_123 e2 Member 104248 forum postscats_123 vcard Northern Ireland25 Constructive Critique Points
31 Oct 2013 - 7:32 AM

Fabulous image and fascinating history lesson...the bloke `The Grim' must have been nice to know!!! WinkGrinGrinGrin

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Jeddahknight111
Jeddahknight111 e2 Member 2Jeddahknight111 vcard United Kingdom2 Constructive Critique Points
31 Oct 2013 - 7:53 AM

Very interesting history, one thing I'm wondering about? What is BCE, BC I understand but BCE,!!

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morpheus1955
31 Oct 2013 - 8:19 AM

Lovely images, great composition, interesting write up too

Hugh

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pentaxpatty
pentaxpatty e2 Member 1pentaxpatty vcard United Kingdom2 Constructive Critique Points
31 Oct 2013 - 8:20 AM

Excellent image my dear Nezih, and wonderful write up too, I love to read about your life in Turkey. Best wishes Patty Grin

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213hardy
213hardy e2 Member 6643 forum posts213hardy vcard England
31 Oct 2013 - 8:32 AM


Quote: A fantastic shot and a brilliant read, thanks for that. Every days a school day.Grin

+1 Great work Nezih.

Den

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Briwooly
Briwooly  9452 forum posts England5 Constructive Critique Points
31 Oct 2013 - 8:33 AM

Great image Nezih and really enjoyed your write up

Brian...........................................

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woolybill1
woolybill1 e2 Member 8woolybill1 vcard United Kingdom65 Constructive Critique Points
31 Oct 2013 - 8:48 AM

A truly magnificent site - what a place to build a city!
Despite its lofty eminence you have chosen a viewpoint that makes the ancient city look almost cosy, nestling between the vee of the intersecting slopes. Excellent landscape work.
Regards
Bill

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marshfam19
marshfam19 e2 Member 6marshfam19 vcard United Kingdom
31 Oct 2013 - 8:49 AM

Yet again another great image with brilliant written detail about the area.

Mary Grin

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mrswoolybill
mrswoolybill Critique Team 8528 forum postsmrswoolybill vcard United Kingdom1092 Constructive Critique Points
31 Oct 2013 - 9:16 AM

It has a Biblical look, even today. The little houses growing out of the bare rock slope, the harsh scrub land.
Moira

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Fefe
Fefe e2 Member 3Fefe vcard United Kingdom30 Constructive Critique Points
31 Oct 2013 - 9:51 AM

Fantastic detail!
Diane

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Nikonuser1
Nikonuser1 e2 Member 2Nikonuser1 vcard United Kingdom10 Constructive Critique Points
31 Oct 2013 - 10:12 AM

Excellent image Nezih with a greatr write upSmile


Cliff

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widtink
widtink  2406 forum posts Scotland2 Constructive Critique Points
31 Oct 2013 - 11:15 AM

Amazing place Nezih SmileSmile

Rod

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nonur
nonur e2 Member 6nonur vcard Turkey8 Constructive Critique Points
31 Oct 2013 - 11:50 AM


Quote: Very interesting history, one thing I'm wondering about? What is BCE, BC I understand but BCE,!!

Whoever wrote it made a mistake, thank you for asking, it's corrected.

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Daisymaye
Daisymaye e2 Member 6Daisymaye vcard Canada9 Constructive Critique Points
31 Oct 2013 - 11:53 AM

And it began because of the Tigris River. An excellent view of the city..

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taggart
taggart e2 Member 1042 forum poststaggart vcard United States12 Constructive Critique Points
31 Oct 2013 - 12:43 PM

An astonishing view, just crammed with history and its marks--- wonderful text as well--

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williamsloan
williamsloan e2 Member 4williamsloan vcard Northern Ireland1 Constructive Critique Points
31 Oct 2013 - 1:05 PM

a beauty and plenty of interest

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rayme330
rayme330 e2 Member 2rayme330 vcard United Kingdom1 Constructive Critique Points
31 Oct 2013 - 1:17 PM

A wonderful city brought to life by your excellent image and narrative, Nezih.

Ray

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Irishkate
Irishkate e2 Member 431 forum postsIrishkate vcard United Kingdom76 Constructive Critique Points
31 Oct 2013 - 2:55 PM

You've taken us back in time - great narrative Nezih.
Great viewpoint of this historical city - I'll bet there's a few stories to tell
in all those homes.
KateGrinGrinGrin

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mikbee
mikbee e2 Member 7mikbee vcard Scotland7 Constructive Critique Points
31 Oct 2013 - 3:33 PM

What a very interesting shot Nezih.
Very scenic too.
Good one.
Mick.

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DicksPics
DicksPics e2 Member 3DicksPics vcard United Kingdom8 Constructive Critique Points
31 Oct 2013 - 5:18 PM

What a wonderful view of this ancient city, Nezih!
The image is beautifully composed with so much to look at and take in.
Thank you for the interesting and informative narrative.

Richard

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leontari
leontari e2 Member 2leontari vcard Greece
31 Oct 2013 - 5:42 PM

Great view of the city, excellent capture and interesting info Nezih.
Effrossini

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Philip_H
Philip_H  2 United Kingdom
31 Oct 2013 - 6:16 PM

Impressive looking site, Nezih.

P.

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richmowil
richmowil e2 Member 5279 forum postsrichmowil vcard England1 Constructive Critique Points
31 Oct 2013 - 7:35 PM

Great vista and impressive image, Nezih!!

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jasonrwl
jasonrwl e2 Member 4261 forum postsjasonrwl vcard United Kingdom8 Constructive Critique Points
31 Oct 2013 - 11:49 PM

Lovely scene Nezih and interesting write up
Jason

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Potra
Potra e2 Member 1Potra vcard Venezuela
1 Nov 2013 - 2:06 AM

It is incredible that this city predates Babylon. What a privilege to see it!
M

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gajewski
gajewski e2 Member 10gajewski vcard United States9 Constructive Critique Points
1 Nov 2013 - 5:04 AM

What a vista, Nezih and thanks for including the informative commentary.
-=\Walter

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