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Sunset Crater

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Sunset Crater is a volcanic cinder cone located north of Flagstaff in U.S. State of Arizona. The crater is within the Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument.
Sunset Crater is the youngest in a string of volcanoes (the San Francisco volcanic field) that is related to the nearby San Francisco Peaks.
The date of the eruptions that formed the 340-meter-high cone (1,120 ft) was initially derived from tree-ring dates, suggesting the eruption began between the growing seasons of A.D. 10641065. However, more recent geologic and archaeological evidence places the eruption around A.D. 1085. The largest vent of the eruption, Sunset Crater itself, was the source of the Bonito and Kana-a lava flows that extended about 2.5 kilometers (1.6 mi) NW and 9.6 kilometers (6 mi) NE, respectively. Additional vents along a 10-kilometer-long fissure (6.2 mi) extending SE produced small spatter ramparts and a 6.4-kilometer-long lava flow (4 mi) to the east. The Sunset Crater eruption produced a blanket of ash and lapilli covering an area of more than 2,100 square kilometers (810 sq mi) and forced the temporary abandonment of settlements of the local Sinagua people. The volcano has partially revegetated, with pines and wildflowers. The crater is the namesake for the Sunset Crater Beardtongue (Penstemon clutei).

Damage from hikers forced the National Park Service to close a trail leading to the crater, but a short trail at the base remains.

The hiking trail below the summit skirts the substantial Bonito Lava Flow. This hardened lava is black and appears fresh as it has devastated the forest in its path. The lava flow also created an ice cave or tube that is now closed to the public after a partial collapse.

Brand:Canon
Camera:Canon EOS 5D MkII
Lens:EF24-105mm F/4L IS USM
Recording media:RAW (digital)
Date Taken:12 Sep 2013 - 10:57 PM
Focal Length:32mm
Lens Max Aperture:f/4.0
Aperture:f/6.3
Shutter Speed:1/40sec
Exposure Comp:-1.0
ISO:100
Exposure Mode:Shutter speed priority AE
Metering Mode:Center-weighted average
Flash:Off, Did not fire
White Balance:Auto
Title:Sunset Crater
Username:MalcolmS MalcolmS
Uploaded:26 Jan 2014 - 5:56 PM
Tags:Digitally manipulated, Flowers & plants, General, Landscape / travel, Wildlife / nature
VS Mode Rating 104 (68.75% won)
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Votes:41

Comments

Richsr
Richsr e2 Member 790 forum postsRichsr vcard England210 Constructive Critique Points
26 Jan 2014 - 9:06 PM

Some interesting tree shapes in the foreground Malcolm, good info too
Regards Richard

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taggart
taggart e2 Member 1042 forum poststaggart vcard United States12 Constructive Critique Points
26 Jan 2014 - 10:40 PM

A gorgeous image and some great text--(appreciated)

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Mike_Smith
27 Jan 2014 - 3:18 PM

Cracking picture, with a very informative write up

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ChristineD
ChristineD e2 Member 8ChristineD vcard England
31 Jan 2014 - 6:55 PM

A great image and write up

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Lillian
Lillian e2 Member 5Lillian vcard United Kingdom16 Constructive Critique Points
2 Feb 2014 - 7:56 PM

Enjoyed reading all the info to go with the lovely landscape
Lillian

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Maiwand
Maiwand e2 Member 7Maiwand vcard England69 Constructive Critique Points
8 Feb 2014 - 4:26 PM

Great shot and top class narrative.GrinGrinGrin
Ron

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