Adding an engraved or emossed type effect could be the final detail that makes your finished image look more realistic or the subject of a humorous image, this ability does have quite a few applications.
Here I’ll demonstrate on a picture of a rusty bit of metal how you can engrave an object using any font (or custom symbol) of your choice while maintaining the original texture in the area that is altered.
The engraving or emossin effects are a similar process as embossing and start from the same point changing direction towards the middle of the step by step sequence so we're covering embossing in a different article here.
Step 1 Open your image and duplicate the Background layer, renaming it to ‘Text’. You do this by right-clicking the Background layer and selecting ‘duplicate’ and then right-clicking the new layer and selecting ‘Rename’.
Step 2 Select the text tool (it looks like a letter A on the toolbar) and set the size, font and style of your text in the toolbar. These settings depend entirely on what you are doing and the style you are after, so have a look and see what takes your fancy.
Step 3 Left-click your image in the Text layer and a new box will appear for you to enter your word. Once you’ve written everything correctly press ‘Apply’ and it should appear on your image.
Step 4 If you’re working with a large image, chances are even on size 72 your writing will look tiny, so we need to transform it to not only remedy the size, but also to create perspective so that it will look like it is actually on the surface. Select the Picker tool (‘K’) and click on your writing. Drag your writing down to where you want it and then drag out a corner until it is about the right size. T
Then, hold shift and drag the vertical you want to be nearest downwards (upwards if it is in the lower part of an image or the surface goes that way).
This should Shear your image to follow the lines of the image better, now you just need to add perspective. Hold the Control key whilst grasping one of the nearer corners and drag the tag up and down to make one end bigger than the other, adding to the depth cues within the image.
Step 5 Use the Magic Wand to select your text, then open Selections>Load/Save Selection>Save Selection to Disk. In the new window that opens enter a meaningful name for the selection and press ‘Save’ before continuing.
Step 6 Press the Eye icon next to the thumbnail of the layer actually containing your writing (probably called Vector 1) to hide it for the time being. This is just here as a precaution from here on, as all we needed it for really was a selection.
It's at this stage you could either go down an embossing or engraving route. We're doing engraving in this technique, but we have another article here that explains how to emboss.
Step 7 Duplicate the background layer and rename the new layer ‘Engrave’.
Step 8 Open Effects>3D Effects>Cut Out. This tool creates a coloured or transparent area and inserts a drop shadow for you too, making this process a bit easier than it would be otherwise. First thing we want to do is to uncheck the box at the bottom of the window saying ‘Fill interior with colour’, this will create a transparency for us instead as a result.
You can now customise the position of your shadow (it’s best to preview this sort of thing on the main image rather than in the preview windows so you can get an idea of the fully word rather than a letter or two at a time); the X and Y positioning of the shadow is what creates the idea of depth, so the larger your setting the deeper the engraving will appear. Blur will soften the edges of the shadow, creating the impression of a more diffused, ambient light and the opacity controls how dark your shadow will be, so set these settings to taste and depending on the image you are working with.
Step 9 Keeping your selection active after pressing ‘OK’, create a new layer and call it ‘Highlights’. Fill the selection with white and change the layer mode to Overlay.
Step 10 Use the Picker tool to move the highlights in accordance with your shadows; so in my case down and right a short distance (only a few pixels will suffice). Then, reduce the opacity until your image looks convincing and you’re done. In my case this meant reducing it to 20%, if you want softer highlights try alternative layer modes such as Soft Light.