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1. A small program that enables a Macintosh computer to control things such as print drivers and USB devices. 2. In a more general computer sense, it is an alphanumerical character string appended to a file name and delimited by a full stop (period). In the file name photo.jpg, "jpg" is the extension, which tells the computer that it is dealing with a certain type of compressed image file.
A hollow tube that fits between the lens and camera body to extend the lens-to-film/sensor distance and increases its close-focus capability. Although extension tubes can be bought separately, they often come in sets of three tubes with different lengths, which can be used indivually, or in any given combination.
Called 'extender', 'lens extender' or 'telephoto extender' by some manufacturers. (Not to be confused with an 'extension tube'!). A teleconverter is an accessory that fits between the camera lens and body to increase the focal length of a lens by 1.4x, 1.7x, 2x or 3x. When coupled with a 200mm lens, for instance, teleconverters would give these results: a 1.4x teleconverter gives an effective focal length of 280mm, while a 1.7x teleconverter increases this to 340mm, a 2x teleconverter to 400mm and a 3x to no less than 600mm. Teleconverters are compatible only with selected lenses, so always check with the manufacturer or retailer before buying. Although they will work with some zoom lenses, they're best used with (fast) prime lenses, since there usually is a drop in quality, and many prime lenses give a higher level of quality to start with. Besides changing the effective focal length, the effective aperture of the attached lens is increased by one or more stops as well. Autofocusing usually does not operate if the effective maximum aperture is greater than f/5.6 with the lenses/cameras from most manufacturers (in some cases greater than f/8, like on the Canon EOS 1V and EOS 3 cameras). And not all teleconverters support autofocus in the first place!
Extremely close up photography using bellows or extension tubes to obtain a magnification larger than lifesize.