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Artillery Half-caponier 134

By nonur  
Today a different offering, dedicated to Moira and Bill who like to visit and take photograps of this kind of places. This set was taken during our visit to Stalin Line War Museum in Belarus. With the versions, the set also shows inside the housing bunker.

Artillery half-caponier № 134 was built in 1932 and was a part of a separate company defence area ¬“S¬” of the Minsk Fortified Region. A half-caponier is a fortification structure, which can only deliver flanking fire in one direction (in comparison to a caponier which delivers fire in two opposite directions).
A concrete oreillon (from a French word оreillon meaning earflap) is a part of a half-caponier, which main function is to cover the embrasures from fire and to protect the land in front of the pillbox. If needed the embrasures could be closed with armoured shields which were possible to move up and down by wire rope and windlass from the inside of the pillbox.
The field-facing wall and the ceiling are 1.5 m and 1.10 m thick correspondingly. Such walls protected the pillbox from the 203 mm howitzer high-explosive shells and from the 152 mm gun projectiles.
Half-caponier's concrete walls have fragmentation marks from artillery shell explosions. As it is known, the battles in the territory of the Minsk Fortified region lasted for 4 days - from June 25 to June 28 of 1941. Despite very unfavourable battle conditions, many pillboxes of the Minsk fortified region made a stout resistance to the enemy. The people memorialise the defenders of the Minsk fortified region and their act of glory. That is why they lay flowers under the commemorative plaque in their honour and come here to explore their history. (taken from http://stalin-line.by/en/ekspozitsiya-2/observation-bunkers/item/350-artillery-half-caponier-134-exterior-appearance)

The Stalin Line War Museum near Minsk, Belarus
The Stalin Line was a series of defensive fortifications that was constructed along the former western border of the Soviet Union in the late 1920s and through the 1930s. It was not a continuous line of defenses, but rather a series of fortified regions, each covering a strategically important region. Four regions were fortified in a first phase of construction from 1928-30, nine regions in a second phase from 1930-32, and eight more in the third and final phase during 1938-39. With the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact in August 1939 and the redrawing of the map of Central and Eastern Europe, the Stalin Line was suddenly located well behind the Soviet Union¬’s western border. Construction began on a new line of defenses along the new border, which was named the Molotov Line, with some of the materials being supplied by stripping the Stalin Line. As a result, neither line was properly prepared as Operation Barbarossa struck. On the whole, the lines were ineffective against the German attacks, although there was fierce fighting in some places, notably in the Kiev fortified region.

The Stalin Line Museum, which was opened in June 2005, is located near the town of Zaslavl, about 30 km north of Minsk. It is based around four bunkers ¬– a command bunker, an artillery half-caponier, and two machine-gun bunkers ¬– which have been restored to their original state. A selection of armoured turrets, trenches, and anti-tank defenses can also be viewed, and there is a large collection of tanks, armoured fighting vehicles, engineering equipment, aircraft and missile systems. There is also a small cafe, a souvenir kiosk and a shooting range where visitors can try their hand with a selection of rifles and sub-machine guns. Rides in an armoured personnel carrier are also offered, and the museum hosts a number of reenactment events. The museum is open from 10:00 ¬– 6:00 every day except Monday. (Taken from a post by mamayevkurgan )


Thank you all for your clicks and kind comments on my previous image, I am especially thankful to Ian,Billy, Ron and Bernie for their UA's. All are much appreciated.




Tags: Photo journalism Photojournalism Bunker Artillery Minsk Belarus Stalin Line War Museum

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Comments


mrswoolybill Plus
14 2.5k 2343 United Kingdom
6 Dec 2017 10:32AM
Cold War ghosts. They still linger on... I hope Leo finds his way to this, he will be interested.
We used to travel to Russia quite often, our visits straddling the Cold War / glasnost / Western cultural invasion. I was always fascinated by how the monuments to all of those, plus the old Imperial past, co-existed almost comfortably.
I remember that the first time I visited the Blockade cemetery in what was then Leningrad, where some three quarters of a million bodies lie in mass graves, just some of the dead from just one city, our friend Boris said 'Remember that we had already had Napoleon...' I did understand the Russian side of the Cold War rather better from that.
bliba Plus
15 2 Austria
6 Dec 2017 10:58AM
interesting description and a very good capture Wink
cats_123 Plus
16 5.0k 30 Northern Ireland
6 Dec 2017 11:01AM
We were brought up on the Western European conflicts but the 'Russian' period was quite brutal....

That drop down flap makes me think of old cowboy films where the side of the wagons used to flop open to enable rifle vollies.

Fabulous history 😊
6 Dec 2017 11:31AM
For Russians and the citizens of the former Soviet Union (including the then Belorussia, that was heavily hit) the WWII is known dramatically as "The Great Patriotic War," a phrase which in a Russian mind conjures up immediate associations with Napoleon's retreat from Moscow in 1812. The victory over Hitler and fascism remains modern-day Russia's proudest moment and the greatest human tragedy. Up to 30 million soldiers and civilians were dead, the Soviet Union had lost a third of its national wealth, cities such as Stalingrad had been reduced to lunar landscapes, and an entire generation of men had been decimated. The Red Army's immense contribution to the Victory is undeniable, a contribution that dwarfs that of Britain and, indeed, the United States. The Soviet Union lost more soldiers and civilians during the war than any other country. Meanwhile, some modern-day observers will see Russia's 1941-1945 war victory celebrations as a hideous stage-managed attempt to glorify the USSR, Stalin and even President Putin. But for the remaining veterans it is simply an opportunity to unite around one of the dwindling number of constants in their lives and to recall one of the few things that modern-day Russians still feel proud of. It is likely to be the final occasion for such men and women to feel as though their sacrifice had made a real difference to the world.
Chinga Plus
10 3 2 United Kingdom
6 Dec 2017 11:43AM
Excellent set Nezih and a very informative write up... Learning here!
Isabel GrinGrin
nonur 12 18 13 Turkey
6 Dec 2017 12:08PM
I know that and I do agree with you, Leo. Thank you for the additional info!
Vambomarbleye 3 153 14 Scotland
6 Dec 2017 12:55PM
V1 for me. And thanks for the info. Great historical set here.
Echo Leoís remarks re Red Armyís contribution. Remember too, that it all happened on Russiaís borders, Britain and more so America were separated by water.
Cheers
Alan
6 Dec 2017 1:14PM
Excellent set
Mollycat Plus
7 21 2 United Kingdom
6 Dec 2017 5:28PM
Fascinating to read your narrative and these interesting comments Nezih.
Peter.
taggart Plus
16 47 14 United States
6 Dec 2017 6:53PM
Well wrought images!
6 Dec 2017 7:28PM
An excellent upload, Nezih.
Your description and the comments are very interesting to read.

RichardSmile
6 Dec 2017 7:32PM
Excellent set Nezih great detail in all images, a very interesting upload,
Fred.
woolybill1 Plus
14 35 76 United Kingdom
6 Dec 2017 7:41PM
How thoughtful of you to photograph and post this!
I also agree with Leo (and Moira, of course - I was there!) and thank them and of course you for this fascinating photo of a relic/monument that is quite new to me.
There is much more that I could say but am extremely busy with early mornings and late nights - work not enjoyment - but will get in touch again later.
Regards
Bill
richmowil Plus
12 437 2 England
6 Dec 2017 8:02PM
Interesting and informative Nezih. Good set!!
What a great images, and very interesting to read.Nonur.
BRITCHIE
Nikonuser1 Plus
8 166 16 United Kingdom
7 Dec 2017 2:57PM
A great set Nezih a very interesting write up SmileSmile

Cliff

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