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Humboldt Penguin

By achieverswales
Thanks again my friends for your welcome comments and votes yesterday! Today another upload from my visit to the Cotswold Wildlife Park, below some info copied fro their site.
Size: 65-70 cm. Weight up to 4kg.

Habitat and Distribution: Coastal habitats in Peru and Chile (although they have also been found in Colombia), on the Pacific coast of South America.

Age: Penguins breed at 2 years and can live for up to 30 years in captivity (around 20 in the wild).

Groups and Breeding: This species nests on islands and rocks along the coastline. It will often build its nest by burrowing holes into guano (bird poo) or in caves. Breeding often occurs all year round if initially unsuccessful (try, try and try again!), although it peaks from March to December. 2 eggs are laid 2-4 days apart and including incubation period chicks fledge (leave the nest) at around 10-12 weeks. When food is scarce the parents feed only the larger chick and the smaller chick quickly starves.

Humboldt Penguins are social animals and live in large colonies of closely spaced burrows where communication becomes quite important. Penguin couples are able to recognize one another and their offspring through a combination of appearance and voice. Colonies are beneficial because they provide collective defence against predators such as skuas and gulls.

Diet: Adults feed close to shore, taking various species of small fish (including anchovy and sardines), squid and crustaceans. Most foraging is done at depths of up to 60m.

Adult penguins have been known to migrate as far as 700 km to breeding grounds and may travel 35km to find food whilst rearing chicks.
Penguin chicks have fluffy grey plumage which is white underneath and allows them to keep a constant temperature. This enables both parents to go off to forage for food.
Humboldt Penguins usually remain faithful to one partner (unless that partner dies) and also return to the same breeding site year after year.
They have been known to dive down to 150m to find food.
Using their strong wings as flippers, Humboldts 'fly' underwater, usually just below the surface, at speeds of up to 20 miles per hour.
The life of a Humboldt Penguin is a treacherous one. Threats include being eaten by gulls, vultures, foxes, wild dogs, whales and dolphins. Over-fishing, guano harvesting (for fertiliser), becoming trapped in fishing nets, eggs being stolen and the climatic effects of El Niño are other environmental hazards for them.
Humboldt Penguins have a gland which enables them to drink salt water in addition to fresh water; this gland concentrates excess salt which then dribbles down the bill.

Tags: Penguin Cotswold wildlife park Pets and captive animals Humboldt penguin

Voters: RonnieAG, enricopardo, Lillian and 31 more

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Comments


RonnieAG Plus
6 153 116 Scotland
28 Feb 2012 12:21AM
Gosh, your typing skills must be away ahead of mine to have all this interesting info. on already, Trev: the bigger picture in V 2 is a fine shot but my favourite is the portrait in V 1, showing off well against the pale green b/g tone.
Ronnie.

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achieverswales 6 8 101 Wales
28 Feb 2012 12:39AM
Thanks Ronnie, not fast at all! Just copied and pasted from their site, the background is their pool.

Regards

Trev
Lillian Plus
7 22 17 United Kingdom
28 Feb 2012 12:56AM
Can no one else sleep either?Sad
Great two images Trev, but like V2 for the tones you have given
Lillian
franken Plus
14 4.0k 4 Wales
28 Feb 2012 5:44AM
Both versions for me Trev.

Ken
CarolG Plus
9 196 18 Greece
28 Feb 2012 6:34AM
What a cute fella, Trev, well captured. Carol
ugly Plus
8 9 57 United Kingdom
28 Feb 2012 7:09AM
A great close up..
Love the detail and texture here...
spot on...


Dave
CaroleS Plus
6 423 3 United Kingdom
28 Feb 2012 7:50AM
Two excellent images and it is good to have the background information, they share my vote as I cannot decide - Carole
28 Feb 2012 7:51AM
Like them both Trev.

Len
Jocelia Plus
5 2 1 Australia
28 Feb 2012 9:17AM
Poor birdie, has he got a decease of the beak what a shame………Jocelia
Trev_B 9 151 68 England
28 Feb 2012 9:20AM
Two character filled images Trev.

Trev
WhiteRose1 Plus
6 1.6k 148 England
28 Feb 2012 9:54AM
Two very good captures Trevor, the beak/bill on v1 is amazing.

Dave
saeidNL 6 3 Netherlands
28 Feb 2012 11:02AM
Excellent and lovely captures,very well done,
saeid
28 Feb 2012 11:54AM
you will end up with repedative finger strain problems typing all that info Trevor which is very informative so thanks for that they are certainly hardy little chaps... of the captures V1 is a real winner for me today

Graham
FeatherFriend 8 38 217 England
28 Feb 2012 1:22PM
2 good shots Trev, well done mate,
Geoff.
28 Feb 2012 2:30PM
Certainly not top of the queue when prettiness was handed out..
thanks for your narrative
EMJAYCEE Plus
7 10 10 England
28 Feb 2012 2:42PM
The detail in V1 is excellent Trev - even if he's not Prince Charming!!
Joan.
TrevBatWCC Plus
8 12 10 England
28 Feb 2012 4:04PM
Two excellent captures here, Trev - hard to pick a fave, so it's half a vote for each! Wink
Trev Smile
tomcat 11 6.4k 15 United Kingdom
28 Feb 2012 7:33PM
Seen these quite few times at different locations (UK)

They always look so comical


Adrian
pluckyfilly Plus
10 351 33 United Kingdom
28 Feb 2012 9:33PM
good close up and interesting introduction/read
Fefe Plus
4 23 31 United Kingdom
29 Feb 2012 2:40PM

Quote:Certainly not top of the queue when prettiness was handed out..
thanks for your narrative


Haha I had to guote this......... Spot on! terrific image but not the best looking of penguinsTongue
Diane

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