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Romania XXXI

By gss  
Densuş Orthodox Church , Haţeg land, Transylvania, Romania. X, XII-XIII, XIV-XV, paintings 1443

Today migrating to a place considered as the Romania heart (similar to Ile de France for France, Asturias for Spain, Kosovo for Serbians or the Golden Ring for Russia, many other examples can be found...)
Haţeg Depression and around mountains are considered as the historical heart of Romania, as here are our roots. There, between the V BC ant II AD was the center ( military and spiritual) of the Kingdom of Dacia. In 106 AD, Trajan emperor conqueredyhe most part of this kingdom, and a long process of formation started: a new people of Latin language was born, the Romanians. In the area were situated the 2 capitals, Dacian and Roman ( Sarmizegetusa Regia / Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa ). So that region is consideredas the cradle of the Romanians.
This region has some amazing monuments and a lot of treasures deep buried in ground and ... time. Authorithies have real difficulties to stop the theft of Dacian gold pieces or artworks, Roman vestiges, etc. Monuments there are very strange, and caused more scientific disputes than in any other region. Old churches from the turn of millennia, old dungeons, medieval castles, late palaces, fortresses, Roman ruins, Dacian castles and sanctuary (very close as form to Stonehenge).
St Nicholas Densuş church (pronounce dennsoosh; the wikipedia link shows a lot of interesting pictures)) is maybe the most controversial monument in Romania. Nobody can undoubtedly argue its origin; each specialist has his own dates of foundation; nobody can explain fully the strange shapes of the church, their role or their influences. Longtime was supposed it was a Roman pagan temple transformed in an early orthodox church, but no really prove to argue that. Was supposed to be built by Romans in the IV AD century, because includes a lot of Roman bricks and stone masonry, but also Roman stone inscriptions, lion statues on the roof, Roman statues, or pillars. Has a big tower on 4 pillars done from 2 Roman votive altar stones. Where the stone roof reach the tower there are 2 mysterious rooms: one can be accessed from the roof only; the other is completely closed, with no entrance; their role? nobody knows!. A collapsed added space seems it was a cell for monks, in the area having a very rare type of orthodox monasteries with cells added to the church walls. Paintings where realized in byzantine fresco in 1443 by a Romanian painter. This church has many Romanesque elements mixed in a very original, unique way to Byzantine and early Gothic elements, and plenty of Roman elements inside. Exterior decorations as " Lombard bands " a kind of horizontal bands with oblique bricks or tiles are all from Romanesque style, hence was mostly dated as from the XIII century; collapsed walls seem to be from the XIV-XV centuries. An entire mystery this church!
P.S. Forgot to say Haţeg region is better knew abroad as the Haţeg Island, a Cretaceous island that revealed at the end of the XIX century the smallest dinosaur in the world, as big as a human child.

Tags: Church Architecture Romania Orthodox Transylvania 1974 Densus

Voters: NDODS, woolybill1, bobpaige1 and 13 more

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NDODS 10 5.2k 127 United Kingdom
18 Sep 2015 6:47PM
A location steeped in history.

Thanks for sharing this interesting insight.

Regards Nathan GrinGrinGrin
JuBarney Plus
9 33 5 United Kingdom
18 Sep 2015 7:44PM
A very different and interesting building
Chinga Plus
10 3 2 United Kingdom
18 Sep 2015 7:55PM
I love the shape of that beautiful old church Silviu...
Inside it must be amazing to see, thank you for the info! Grin
18 Sep 2015 9:22PM
Lovely Silviu. Cathy
ColleenA Plus
8 464 7 Australia
18 Sep 2015 10:39PM
Great narrative as usual Silviu. A beautiful church.
18 Sep 2015 11:20PM
Wonderful architecture, beautifully captured and a very interesting narrative, Silviu.

rayme330 8 17 1 United Kingdom
19 Sep 2015 2:55PM
Interesting building and commentary, Silviu.


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