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Stronghold

By 213hardy      
Two shot of Richmond Castle, taken from a slightly different viewpoint than normal. We're currently working in a house across the river, and these were taken from the top floor.
Couldn't decide on which one i prefer.

Here's the history.

Richmond Castle in Richmond, North Yorkshire, England, stands in a commanding position above the River Swale, close to the centre of the town of Richmond. It was originally called Riche Mount, 'the strong hill'. The castle was constructed from 1071 onwards as part of the Norman Conquest of Saxon England as the Domesday Book of 1086 refers to 'a castlery' at Richmond in that year.

William the Conqueror had put down the 1069 rebellion at York which was followed by his "harrying of the North" - an act of ethnic cleansing which depopulated large areas for a generation or more. As a further punishment he divided up the lands of north Yorkshire among his most loyal followers. Alain Le Roux de Ponthievre of Brittany received the borough of Richmond and began constructing the castle to defend against further rebellions and establish a personal power base for one of the most extensive Norman estates in England which covered parts of eight counties - the Honour of Richmond. The Dukes of Brittany became the owners of the castle though it was often confiscated for various periods by English Kings.

A 100-foot (30 m)-high keep of honey-coloured sandstone was constructed at the end of the 12th century by Duke Conan the Little. This keep was probably completed by King Henry II and had 11-foot (3.4 m)-thick walls. Modern visitors can climb to the top of the keep for magnificent views of the town of Richmond. At the same time that the keep was probably completed, Henry II considerably strengthened the castle by adding towers and a barbican. Henry III and King Edward I spent more money on the site including Edward's improvements to the keep interior.

In addition to the main circuit of the wall, there was the barbican in front of the main gate which functioned as an 'air lock' - allowing visitors and wagons to be checked before entry to the main castle. On the other side of the castle overlooking the river was another enclosure or bailey called the Cockpit which may have functioned as a garden and was overlooked by a balcony. A drawing of 1674 suggests there was another longer balcony overlooking the river side of Scolland's Hall, the Great Hall.
The castle seen from the south

As a castle Richmond had fallen out of use by the end of the 14th century and did not receive major improvements after that date. A survey of 1538 shows it was ruinous but paintings by Turner and others and the rise of tourism and an interest in antiquities led to repairs to the keep in the early 19th century.

The castle became the headquarters of the North Yorkshire Militia in 1855, with a military barracks constructed in the great courtyard. The barracks were the home of Boy Scouts founder Robert Baden-Powell for two years until 1910 while he commanded the Northern Territorial Army but the barracks building was eventually demolished in 1931.

The castle was used during the First World War as the base of the Non-Combatant Corps made up of conscientious objectors - conscripts who refused to fight. It was also used to imprison some conscientious objectors who refused to accept army discipline and participate in the war in any way. These included 'the Richmond 16' who were taken to France from the castle, charged under Field Regulations and then sentenced to death, these death sentences then being commuted to ten years' hard labour.

As presented today Richmond Castle has one of the finest examples of Norman buildings in Britain including Scollands Hall, the Great Hall of the castle. The keep has a restored roof and floors but is shown with the original 11th century main gate arch unblocked. This arch is now in the basement of the later 12th century keep which was built in front of it, the main gate then being moved to its present position which was dominated by the adjacent keep while the original arch we see today was filled-in to secure the keep.

The castle is a Scheduled Monument, a "nationally important" historic building and archaeological site which has been given protection against unauthorised change. It is also a Grade I listed building and therefore recognised as an internationally important structure. Today the castle is in the care of English Heritage which publishes a guidebook written by John Goodall PhD FSA. English Heritage provides a visitor centre for the castle with an informative exhibition containing artifacts from the castles history, they also hold regular events there throughout the year.

All C&Cs welcome

Thanks for looking

Den

Tags: North yorkshire General Castle Architecture Richmond Landscape and travel

Voters: nonur, bobsblues, zapar40 and 21 more


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Comments


bobsblues 6 10 2 United Kingdom
23 Jan 2013 6:47AM
V2 Den for me gives the fuller picture and a great write up .
Rob

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Hermanus 4 4 South Africa
23 Jan 2013 6:58AM
What a rich history attached to this magnificent building Den !! Two excellent images of which V2 gives more detail Smile Well done and thanx for sharing !!GrinGrinGrinGrinGrin
mrswoolybill Plus
9 949 1479 United Kingdom
23 Jan 2013 7:36AM
Normally I instinctively go for portrait format but I think I prefer V2 here, for the relationship of the castle with the town.
Moira
woolybill1 Plus
9 22 67 United Kingdom
23 Jan 2013 7:42AM
I had not realised how four-square Richmond Castle is - a formidable-looking building indeed.
I'll go for V2, I think, for the location detail.
Two excellent exposures.
Regards
Bill
WhiteRose1 Plus
6 1.6k 148 England
23 Jan 2013 7:53AM
v1 for me, Den, the verticals work better in the portrait format. The dusting of snow gives the extra punch missing in the normal winter browns.

Dave
23 Jan 2013 8:41AM
Artistically v2 but v1 puts the castle in your face and makes it look less romantic and more imposing. As a lover of all things castle - and this one especially - I think both are great.
lonely_oryx 8 61 54 England
23 Jan 2013 10:15AM
The coldness has been well captured
V2 for me Den and a good write -up well captured indeed.

John
23 Jan 2013 5:01PM
Two superb images, Den and an really interesting and informative description!
V2 for me today.
****

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