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View From Roundway Hill Wiltshire

By tralfamadorean  
The Battle of Roundway Down was fought on 13 July 1643 near Devizes, Wiltshire, during the First English Civil War. A Royalist cavalry force under Lord Wilmot won a crushing victory over the Parliamentarians under Sir William Waller.

On 5 July, Lord Hopton's Royalist army fought Sir William Waller's Parliamentarian army to a draw at the Battle of Lansdowne. In the battle, Hopton suffered many casualties and desertions. Sir Bevil Grenville, the popular commander of Hopton's Cornish troops, was killed in the battle. Hopton himself was temporarily blinded by an exploding ammunition cart. The explosion also left the Royalist army short of gunpowder forcing them to withdraw towards Oxford to get reinforcements and new supplies. After travelling east from Marshfield, the Royalist army rested at Chippenham.

Waller's army remained intact after the battle and quickly replaced lost soldiers from the Parliamentarian garrison of Bristol. Waller then set out from Bath to pursue and confront Hopton's army. On 9 July, when Waller approached Chippenham, Hopton marched his troops south to the small town of Devizes to seek refuge. Waller and his force of 5,000 Parliamentarians followed south and occupied Roundway Down, high ground approximately 2 kilometres north of Devizes. Short of materials and outnumbered by the Parliamentarians, the Royalist commanders held a council of war. At the council, it was agreed that Prince Maurice would break out with the Royalist cavalry of 300 riders and race to Oxford for reinforcements while Hopton and the remaining army of 3,000 Cornish foot would continue to shelter at Devizes.

Maurice and the Royalist cavalry escaped at midnight on 10 July and travelled to Oxford overnight. Maurice alerted the Royalist command of the situation at Devizes. Lord Wilmot, Lieutenant General of Horse for King Charles immediately assembled a relief force of 1,500 horse and set out for Devizes along with Maurice and his 300 riders.

Tags: Panorama Wiltshire Landscape and travel Devizes Roundway Down Roundway Hill


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Comments


rontear Plus
17 23 9 England
14 Sep 2020 12:17PM
English history !! always learning. thanks. Wiltshire is photogenic and historic !!!
Ron
14 Sep 2020 1:26PM
Thatís really beautiful, reminds me of view from Eggardon hill fort in Dorset.
gpimages 10 65 1 England
15 Sep 2020 7:50AM
A fine vista John - well balanced too with the hills either side in the near distance.
Graham Wink

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