Back Modifications (2)
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Wild flowers

By Adrianhalliday
Shutter speed-1250
Focal length-22

Tags: Flowers and plants Close-up and macro

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banehawi Plus
14 2.0k 4003 Canada
24 Sep 2018 9:32PM
Its an attractive image Adrian, and in addition, a perfect image to explain what depth of field and aperture are, and how they affect what we see.

Youve used f/22 for this. With that small aperture at 22mm, it is possible to get the entire scene, from the front dandelions to the horizon in focus.

As you can see, theres only a small shallow area in focus, and heres the reason. You were close to the front row of plants, and focused on the nearest dandelion.

The result you have, as far as depth is concerned, could have been achieved at f/5.6.

So to take advantage of the extreme depth you can get with a small aperture, you need to focus a lot further into the scene; a rule of thumb is about 1/3 into the scene from the camera to the horizon, though theres is an actual ideal distance, called the hyperfocal distance that landscape shooters use. This will not seem right in the viewfinder, but the result when viewing the image after the shot on the LCD will be perfect.

Something to read about and practice when you have the opportunity.

At it is, I like it; I would again suggest to constrain the image with a small border line before applying a light frame; the mod has this done; its brighter; has a warmer overall tone (white balance). The camera will tend to underexpose when presented with a scene like this, so its often a good idea to add positive exposure compensation of +2/3 or so.

Aso, you will otice the image as modified looks much larger, though its the same size; thats because the frame is not as large.

Hope this is helpful



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KarenFB Plus
13 5.3k 173 England
25 Sep 2018 7:29AM
A gorgeous summer scene - the colours are wonderful!

Willie has given some good advice and I love the 'Mod' he has done for you. I will admit, I do prefer the smaller frame, it gives us a chance to enjoy all those wonderful flowers just that little closer!
dudler Plus
15 858 1483 England
25 Sep 2018 11:15AM
A lovely result, and it demonstrates that you're learning and experimenting.

Try a range of different apertures and focal lengths with the same subject (of course, you may be doing that, and htisi s just one result...)

I agree with Willie and Karen - the large frame makes the image smaller. This is usually not a great idea on the web, but can be good for prints.
mrswoolybill Plus
12 1.5k 2053 United Kingdom
25 Sep 2018 3:46PM
I really like tis, it takes me there. Lying in the long grass, looking up at the trees and sky...

A fairly large aperture would be my approach, in a position like this I would not actually be able to focus my eyes on anything beyond those foreground leaves and flowers. So the effect is very natural. But it's a tricky one, because you were so close to the nearest flowers - getting in close was necessary at wide angle in order to get that sense of immediacy. But because you were so close to where you focused, which reduces your depth of field, I would go for F8 rather than F4. Focusing so close, you would still have a delicately soft background.

Or alternatively, push that nearest flower out of the frame and focus a few cm further back.

One Exif detail that jumped out at me was the time taken - 1.15pm, lunch time, sun high in the sky... So you have bright light shining down on shiny petals and leaves, dark shadows immediately under them. It's the hardest time of day to photograph out of doors!

I've uploaded a modification, with various small tweaks. I lightened shadows, reduced contrast, by just a few %. Then I did some very gentle dodging and burning. (Large brush, exposure just 3%).

I knocked back saturation on yellows by 3%, that reveals a bit more detail.

And I changed the frame to something a bit more discreet.

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