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The Blog of an Alevel Photography Student Part 44

AliceLuisePhotography

Semi pro photographer who has dabbled in photographing cars, weddings , animals and portraits.
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The Blog of an Alevel Photography Student Part 44

19 Jun 2013 12:59PM   Views : 922 Unique : 662

Hi guys, so yesterday I started learning about the history of photography so I thought id share some of the information I've learnt so far with you, as I am typing up my notes ready to go into my sketch book.

History of Photography Timeline:
• 5th-4th Centuries B.C: Chinese and Greek philosophers describe the basic principles of optics and the camera.
• 1664-1666: Isaac Newton discovers that white light is composed of different colours.
• 1727:Johann Heinrich Schulze discovered that silver nitrate darkened upon exposure to light.
• 1814:Joseph Nicéphore Niépce achieves first photographic image with a camera obscura
• 1837: Daguerre’s first daguerreotype: the first image that was fixed and did not fade: Fewer than thirty minute exposure.
• 1840: First American patent issued in photography to Alexander Wolcott for his camera.
• 1841: William Henry Fox Talbot patents the Callotype process - the first negative-positive process making possible the first multiple copies.
• 1843: First advertisement with a photograph made in Philadelphia.
• 1851: Frederick Scott Archer invented the Collodion process – two or three second exposure.
• 1859: Panoramic camera patented - the Sutton.
• 1861: Oliver Wendell Holmes invents stereoscope viewer.
• 1865: Photographs and photographic negatives are added to protected works under copyright.
• 1871: Richard Leach Maddox invented the gelatin dry plate silver bromide process - negatives no longer had to be developed immediately.
• 1880: Eastman Dry Plate Company founded.
• 1884: George Eastman invents flexible, paper-based photographic film.
• 1888: Eastman patents Kodak roll-film camera.
• 1898: Reverend Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film.
• 1900: First mass-marketed camera—the Brownie.
• 1914: First 35mm still camera developed. By Oskar Barnack
• 1927: General Electric invents the modern flash bulb.
• 1932: First light meter with photoelectric cell introduced.
• 1935: Eastman Kodak markets Kodachrome film.
• 1941: Eastman Kodak introduces Kodacolor negative film.
• 1942: Chester Carlson receives patent for electric photography (xerography).
• 1948: Edwin Land markets the Polaroid camera.
• 1954: Eastman Kodak introduces high speed Tri-X film.
• 1960: EG&G develops extreme depth underwater camera for U.S. Navy.
• 1968: First Photograph of the Earth from the moon.
• 1978: Konica introduces first point-and-shoot, autofocus camera.
• 1980: Sony demonstrates first consumer camcorder.
• 1984: Canon demonstrates first digital electronic still camera.
• 1985: Pixar introduces digital imaging processor.
• 1990: Kodak announces Photo CD as a digital image storage medium.
The Camera Obscura:
• The first traced camera obscura was Chinese philosopher Mo-Tin in the 5th century BC.
• This was documented by Leonardo DaVinci in his 1940’s writings.
• Camera obscura is the physics that a pin hole camera can produce upside down images.
• Italian scientist, Giovanni Battista Della Porta was first to suggest an application of a pin hole camera in 1401.

Development of light sensitive materials:
• Dutch scientist Angelo Sala began experimenting with silver salts and published a pamphlet in 1614 saying he could make silver nitrate turn black in sun light.
• Johann Heinrich Sculze Discovered that silver salts – Specifically a piece of chalk dipped in nitrate exposed to the sun turned from white to black and left unexposed stayed white.
Thomas Wedgewood:
• In 1795 Thomas Wedgewood put silver nitrate on glass, and then decided to place an object on top most likely a leaf/ flower. To us this would be a modern day photogram. After leaving it in the sun it produced what he called as “Sun Print”. However two minutes it went due to too much light exposure.

Nicephere Niepce:
• In 1826 and image was produced by Nicephere Niepce that was permanent. It had and 8 hour exposure time and was called and “Heliograph”. This was a plate glass with silver nitrate on it once again however is was dipped in a salt that fixes the development making it permanent. This was the invention of modern day fix.

So I will blog more soon guys once I have typed up all my notes.

Tags: Photography Project History Student Alevel

Comments


dudler Plus
18 1.9k 1937 England
22 Jun 2013 8:28AM
I "knew" some of this, though by no means all - and calling it from the recesses of memory would be terribly tricky!

When you get the chance, visit Laycock, where Fox Talbot lived: you may recognise the village (often used for historical drama and films), while Laycock Abbey is a shrine to the man who invented negatives, including a view from the window that was the subject of his first image...

I think there might be a few further dates to add - Kodak disconitnued Kodachrome a year or three back, ending an era. Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin left Hasselblads on the moon in 1969. And the first autofocus SLR camera arrived in (I think) 1985. Not to mention the first Leica in the Twenties...

However, these may not be in the syllabus!

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