The walled town of Trujillo stands on a hill overlooking the surrounding countryside between the Tagus and Guadiana rivers. If you're arriving by car you'll spot from miles away.
Like so many of its fellow towns and cities in the region of Extremadura, Trujillo has a wide and varied history, which is visible in the buildings and artifacts found throughout the city. With a history that dates back a full 600 years before the birth of Christ, it has much to tell.
It's a good idea to park on the outskirts of the historical centre on arrival as much of the town is restricted to traffic and parking is discouraged. The Plaza Mayor is the start of any historical visit to Trujillo which has a statue of Francisco Pizarro in its centre. Francisco Pizarro is the Spanish conquistador known for conquering Peru's Inca Empire and founding the city of Lima in 1535. Little is known about his early years, but it's thought he was an illiterate adventurer who went to the New World in 1502 and spent many years in what is now Central America, especially Panama.The 16th century Iglesia de San Martin on the square contains the various tombs of local noblemen and is worth a visit along with the Palacio de la Conquista and the Palacio de los Duques de San Carlos.
Romans, Visigoths and the Moors had settled in the town before the Christians reconquered it in 1232. One of the outstanding features of the city is the 10th century castle which was built by the Moorish armies on Roman foundations. The castle stands in the upper town offering great views across the plains below.
Landscape and travel