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Striated Caracara (Phalcoboenus australis)

By EyesFront
I took these images at Sealion Island in the South Atlantic. The collection of photos are from my arrival and wander around the island. Unfortunately I didn't have a more substantial camera. The Lumix also acquired a grain of sand in the lens post visit from the sand blasting we received that day. It was blowing a freezing gale, which in the South Atlantic is harsh and bitter.


The Striated Caracara, (Phalcoboenus australis) is a bird of prey of the Falconidae family. In the Falkland Islands it is known as the Johnny Rook.

The adults' plumage is almost black in colour, while the legs and lores are orange and the neck is flecked with grey. The first year juveniles have an orange or light red down, which they lose after their first molt. Full adult plumage is acquired only in the fifth year.

It breeds in several islands in Tierra del Fuego, but is more abundant in the Falklands. Though it was once considered common in the Falklands archipelago, it now only nests in the outlying islands where it breeds around penguin and albatross colonies.

The Striated Caracara is primarily a scavenger, feeding on carrion, offal and small invertebrates that it digs up with its claws. However it will also prey on weak or injured creatures, such as young seabirds. Its habit of attacking newborn lambs and weakened sheep has led it to be ruthlessly persecuted by sheep farmers.
Often it is known to steal red objects such as clothing or handkerchiefs, possibly because red is the colour of meat. Like all falconiformes it has excellent colour vision which easily surpasses that of any known mammal. Often it will also raid dustbins and move rocks to get food from underneath, thus proving themselves to be one of the most intelligent of the birds of prey.

The nest is built on the ground or on a cliff ledge, where the female will lay up to 4 eggs. Their hatching is timed to coincide with the nesting season of seabirds, providing a constant food supply for the chicks. Once these have fledged, they gather into flocks and roam through the islands, often close to human settlements.

The population in the Falklands is estimated at 500 breeding pairs. Juveniles and indeed, adults, are almost entirely fearless of humans and treat their approach with indifference. Over time, conflict with the sheep farmers has led to a great reduction in their numbers. This is now being corrected by the Falkland Islanders.

Tags: Photo journalism Birds Travel General Bird of prey Falkland islands Wildlife and nature Sealion Island Striated Caracara Phalcoboenus australis

Voters: M_squared, gwynn56, christinecilia and 5 more

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great set of photos. christineGrinGrinGrinGrin
abeeror2 8 23 Australia
12 Nov 2012 7:53PM
Really enjoyed that,what an amazing bird so sturdy looking. First time I have ever seen one. V6 is a mighty capture.Smile
dakasuju 12 6
13 Nov 2012 2:16PM
A lovely photogenic bird, and it has a cousin, the crested caracara - even rarer, but never seen one on Sea Lion, only on Pebble Is. A wonderful place to spend time on, I have been about 6 times and hated leaving it each time. This bird is also know by the sailors as Johny Rook. Great pictures.

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