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Mardin, a View from the East

By nonur  
Mardin is a city in southeastern Turkey. The capital of Mardin Province, it is known for the Artuqid (Artıklı or Artuklu in Turkish) architecture of its old city, and for its strategic location on a rocky hill near the Tigris River that rises steeply over the flat plains.

Mardin is one of the oldest settled areas in upper Mesopotamia. Excavations done in the 1920s discovered remains in the area that dated to 4000 BC. The first known civilization were the Subarians who were then succeeded in 3000BC by the Hurrians. The Elamites gained control around 2230 BC and were followed by the Babylonians, Hittites, Assyrians, Romans and Byzantines.
In 692, the Muslim Ummayads arrived and introduced Islam. The Abbasid Caliphate based in Baghdad replaced them in 824. Factions of the Seljuk Turks fought each other over Mardin as it changed hands many times before it was finally taken by Nahm ad-din Ilghazi, the bey of the Artukids, a Turkish dynasty founded by the Seljuk Emir Artuk. During the Artukid period, many of Mardin's historic buildings were constructed, including several Mosques, Palaces, Madrassas and Hans.
The lands of the Artukid dynasty fell to the Mongols sometime between 1235 and 1243, but the Mongols never directly governed the area. The Artukid family ruling Mardin became vassal state of the Mongol Empire.[4] During the battle of Ain Jalut in 1260, the Artuqid (Artık) ruler revolted against the Mongol rule. Hulegu's general and Chupan's ancestor, Koke-Ilge of the Jalayir, stormed the city and Hulegu appointed the rebel's son, al-Nasir, governor of Mardin. Although, Hulegu suspected the latter's loyalty for a while, thereafter the Artukids remained loyal unlike nomadic Bedoun and Kurd tribes in the south western frontier. The Mongol Ilkhanids considered them important allies. For this loyalty they shown, Artukids were given more lands in 1298 and 1304. Mardin later passed to the Akkoyunlu, a federation of Turkic tribes that controlled territory all the way to the Caspian Sea. In 1517, Mardin was annexed by the Ottomans under Selim the Grim. During this time, Mardin was administered by a governor directly appointed under the Ottoman Sultan's authority. In 1923, with the founding of the Republic of Turkey, Mardin was made the administrative capital of a province named after it.

Mardin has often been considered an open air museum due to its historical architecture. Most buildings use the beige colored limestone rock which has been mined for centuries in quarries around the area. (Taken from Vikipedia)

Thank you all folks for the C/Cs on my previous upload, I am especially thankful to Jason for his generous UA.


Tags: Photo journalism Cityscape Landscape and travel

Voters: ColleenA, Andysnapper, SUE118 and 40 more

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Comments


ColleenA Plus
3 315 3 Australia
31 Oct 2013 5:14AM
What a beautiful view of this ancient city, loved reading about it....they must have a commanding view of the area from that hillside.....excellent capture

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Andysnapper 7 109 25 England
31 Oct 2013 6:35AM
A fantastic shot and a brilliant read, thanks for that. Every days a school day.Grin

Andy
SUE118 Plus
7 8 1 United Kingdom
31 Oct 2013 7:21AM
Such a beautiful view.
Mollycat Plus
2 11 2 United Kingdom
31 Oct 2013 7:28AM
Like Petra, a city twice as old as time. Great view. Peter.
cats_123 Plus
12 4.4k 25 Northern Ireland
31 Oct 2013 7:32AM
Fabulous image and fascinating history lesson...the bloke `The Grim' must have been nice to know!!! WinkGrinGrinGrin
Very interesting history, one thing I'm wondering about? What is BCE, BC I understand but BCE,!!
morpheus1955 9 3 2 United Kingdom
31 Oct 2013 8:19AM
Lovely images, great composition, interesting write up too

Hugh
31 Oct 2013 8:20AM
Excellent image my dear Nezih, and wonderful write up too, I love to read about your life in Turkey. Best wishes Patty Grin
31 Oct 2013 8:32AM

Quote:A fantastic shot and a brilliant read, thanks for that. Every days a school day.Grin


+1 Great work Nezih.

Den
Briwooly 10 452 5 England
31 Oct 2013 8:33AM
Great image Nezih and really enjoyed your write up

Brian...........................................
woolybill1 Plus
9 19 66 United Kingdom
31 Oct 2013 8:48AM
A truly magnificent site - what a place to build a city!
Despite its lofty eminence you have chosen a viewpoint that makes the ancient city look almost cosy, nestling between the vee of the intersecting slopes. Excellent landscape work.
Regards
Bill
Yet again another great image with brilliant written detail about the area.

Mary Grin
mrswoolybill Plus
9 843 1373 United Kingdom
31 Oct 2013 9:16AM
It has a Biblical look, even today. The little houses growing out of the bare rock slope, the harsh scrub land.
Moira
Fefe Plus
4 21 31 United Kingdom
31 Oct 2013 9:51AM
Fantastic detail!
Diane
Nikonuser1 Plus
3 17 10 United Kingdom
31 Oct 2013 10:12AM
Excellent image Nezih with a greatr write upSmile


Cliff
widtink 3 406 2 Scotland
31 Oct 2013 11:15AM
Amazing place Nezih SmileSmile

Rod
nonur Plus
7 15 9 Turkey
31 Oct 2013 11:50AM

Quote:Very interesting history, one thing I'm wondering about? What is BCE, BC I understand but BCE,!!
Whoever wrote it made a mistake, thank you for asking, it's corrected.
31 Oct 2013 11:53AM
And it began because of the Tigris River. An excellent view of the city..
taggart Plus
11 46 12 United States
31 Oct 2013 12:43PM
An astonishing view, just crammed with history and its marks--- wonderful text as well--
a beauty and plenty of interest
rayme330 Plus
4 17 1 United Kingdom
31 Oct 2013 1:17PM
A wonderful city brought to life by your excellent image and narrative, Nezih.

Ray
Irishkate Plus
5 33 92 United Kingdom
31 Oct 2013 2:55PM
You've taken us back in time - great narrative Nezih.
Great viewpoint of this historical city - I'll bet there's a few stories to tell
in all those homes.
KateGrinGrinGrin
mikbee 8 3 8 Scotland
31 Oct 2013 3:33PM
What a very interesting shot Nezih.
Very scenic too.
Good one.
Mick.
31 Oct 2013 5:18PM
What a wonderful view of this ancient city, Nezih!
The image is beautifully composed with so much to look at and take in.
Thank you for the interesting and informative narrative.

Richard
Great view of the city, excellent capture and interesting info Nezih.
Effrossini
31 Oct 2013 6:16PM
Impressive looking site, Nezih.

P.
richmowil Plus
7 310 1 England
31 Oct 2013 7:35PM
Great vista and impressive image, Nezih!!
jasonrwl Plus
6 1.1k 10 United Kingdom
31 Oct 2013 11:49PM
Lovely scene Nezih and interesting write up
Jason
Potra 2 Venezuela
1 Nov 2013 2:06AM
It is incredible that this city predates Babylon. What a privilege to see it!
M
gajewski Plus
11 10 9 United States
1 Nov 2013 5:04AM
What a vista, Nezih and thanks for including the informative commentary.
-=\Walter

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