Good evening. Thank you very much for your attention to my photos
Gorenki - scale Moscow estate belonging to the second half of the XVIII - beginning of XIX century family Counts Razumovsky. Located on the south side of the Nizhny Novgorod highway (previously - Vladimir big way, Vladimir tract Vladimirka), on the left beregurechki Gorenki, the source of which is in Mazurinskogo lake formed when a device manor cascade of seven ponds (three survived) with islands and bridges. Modern address: city Balashikha highway Enthusiasts, 2-10.
First mentioned in Gorenki scribe Moscow district for years 1576-1578:
"Wasteland Gorenki. Cropland porosnikom forest seedlings, 16 ceti in the field and by the bilateral Well good land, hay hay have 20, forest plow 3 acres."
Then serviceman Molchan sold this land boyar Nikita Romanovich, grandfather of the first king of the Romanov dynasty, Mikhail Fedorovich.
In the books of the Moscow district for years 1623-1624:
"For Nicephorus Pleshcheevo on sovereign literacy 1617 Heath outweighed by the river on Gorenki ... Heath Pogrebische on dry land ... wasteland wasteland ... Glebtsevo Korobkina on dry land."
In the future, the land falls into different hands, and on the heath Zolotilova (Zolotovo) Gorenki village grows. In the census of Moscow in 1678 for books stolnik Prince Daniel Cherkassky recorded on Gorenki village, and in it 6 yards peasant and cottar.
Prince Yuri Khilkov (room steward Peter I) built here in 1693 a wooden manor house-dowry of his daughter Paraskevi.
Praskovja Hilkova in 1707 was issued for Prince Alexei Dolgorukova new owner in 1724 attached to that name and Chizhevo Gorenki right bank and began to build the first palace.
Dolgorukova son, Ivan, had a distinguished career at the court. He was a favorite of the young Emperor Peter II, who often stayed in Gorenki. Alexey Dolgorukov tried to marry Peter II to his daughter, 17-year old Catherine. In November 1729, even took their engagement, and Catherine was declared "Empress-bride." But 14-year-old emperor fell ill and died. Dolgorukovs made forged a will in which the name of the successor to the throne of the Emperor became his bride. However, the documents do not believe. Dolgorukovs were permanently exiled, and all their possessions went to the treasury.
AK Razumovsky - builder of the manor
In 1747 the estate was sold to the empress's favorite Count Alexei Razumovsky. Built stone house and church of the Merciful Savior. After the death of Alexei G. Gorenki became his own brother Cyril G., who then gave his son Alexei Gorenki.
When Alexei Kirillovich Razumovsky Gorenki reached its greatest prosperity. The palace was completely rebuilt by the Menelaws, split rich park with cascading ponds. Razumovsky was fond of collecting and breeding plants. With him there was arranged a botanical garden, built a greenhouse, in which grew more than 7000 plants. Botanical gardens and greenhouses to 1804 he headed the famous botanist F. B. Fisher, later director of the Imperial Botanical Garden in St. Petersburg.
Botanical Garden Gorenki considered to 1830s one of the wonders of Moscow. In a greenhouse, growing about 300 tropical trees: palm trees, cypresses, bamboo, cedar Jamaican. Grown on the estate and unique for the Moscow Siberian cedars and American eating. In Gorenki repeatedly visited prominent European naturalists and travelers. In 1809 was founded Gorenkovskoe phytogeographical Society (in 1811 merged with the Moscow Society of Naturalists).
After the death of Razumovsky heirs in 1827 sold the estate to Prince Nikolai Yusupov chamberlain, who brought the collection to the library and his estate Arkhangelsk. Razumovsky was purchased Herbarium of the Botanical Museum of the Academy of Sciences.
Yusupov sold Gorenki Moscow district marshal of nobility Guard Colonel Nikolai Volkov. Volkov gave the palace together with the merchant Vasily Tretyakov Cotton and bumagotkatskuyu factory, and in the park is a small foundry for manufacturing machines. Looms worked directly in the former princely chambers. Hardest hit the right side of the palace. Inside were bolted ceilings to install machines, subsequently embedded plaster.
In 1850, the village sold Volkov Gorenki collegiate registrar Fedor Panteleevu. Volkov was very palace, and after his death he continued to hold a family of merchants companions Tretyakov. By 1885, the factory was closed, having come to the park and perfect desolation.
In 1910, industrialist Vladimir Gorenki bought Sevryugov who restored the palace and the park with the help of architect Sergey Chernyshev.
After the revolution in Gorenki located parish executive committee. Part of the palace and other buildings occupied homestead Gorenki orphanage them. Stepan Razin. In 1925, in the former manor resort located Razumovsky "Red Rose."
In 1926 the cottage number 3 firebreak Gorensky park bought the first wife of Sergei Yesenin actress Zinaida Reich and her husband, the famous director Vsevolod Meyerhold. This house has a large terrace and a Russian stove grown children Esenina - Tatyana and Konstantin. Away here frequented by writers Tolstoy, Olesha, artists Il'inskii I., S. Martinson, E. Garin, composers Prokofiev and Shostakovich. This cottage after Meyerhold's arrest was hidden his archive.
Remained the main manor house, built supposedly architect AA Menelas in 1780, 1790-ies, coupled with wings bolshoykolonnadoy and dilapidated manor park with an artificial grotto, and a semicircular the driveway with outbuildings.
At the beginning of the XXI century manor house is the Moscow Regional extrapulmonary tuberculosis sanatorium "Red Rose." Full name: State Health Care Moscow region "Centre specialized medical care to patients with extrapulmonary tuberculosis."
Regards, Oleg !
Tags: Photo journalism
Wildlife and nature
Building Homesteads Trees Column Greens Sky Desolation History
gwynn56, lonely_oryx, RobertTurley and 11 more