This time I am showing the many colours of the wild variety, recognisable by its five petals.
I hope you can still see the bird forms that I told you about before.
Just a little bit more information about this flower:-
The flowers of various species were consumed in moderation by Native Americans as a condiment with other fresh greens, and are reported to be very sweet, and safe if consumed in small quantities, but the seeds and roots are highly poisonous and contain cardiogenic toxins (cyanogenic glycoside) which cause both severe gastroenteritis and heart palpitations if consumed as food, and columbine poisonings may be fatal.
Sometimes within a genus there will be toxic species and edible species. The Aquilegia are that way. Most of them are toxic with alkaloids, four are not, one in east Asia, three in western North America. Thus making sure you have the exact species is quite important. Close is not good enough.
Columbine became a medicinal plant (Gersdorff in 1535, cited by Behling, 1967) and is still in use in homoeopathy. Native Americans used very small amounts of Aquilegia root as an effective treatment for ulcers. However, the medical use of this plant is better avoided due to its high toxicity.
It has been used medicinally for many centuries and also used in traditional folk medicine, prescribed as an astringent for wounds, a kidney tonic, an impotence cure and a cancer preventative, and to treat headaches, nausea, upset stomach, diarrhea and rheumatism. While none of these treatments are supported by scientific evidence, they have been well-documented over the years, and written accounts of columbine can be traced as far back as the 11th century. The plant was also believed to have aphrodisiac properties.
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